The Sāṅkhyakārikā (verse 50) of Īśvarakṛṣṇa (circa A. D. 400) lists nine kinds of tuṣṭi or complacency.
Of these, four are ādhyātmika (concerning the Self) and five are bāhya (external, concerning wealth and desire).
The ādhyātmika tuṣṭis are:
- The complacency that comes as a result of the teaching of the guru (preceptor) that one is the puruṣa (the Self) different from prakṛti (insentient nature) and yet making no attempt to get release, is prakṛtituṣṭi.
- The complacency that comes as a result of adopting monastic life, thinking that, that itself is enough to attain liberation, is upādānatuṣṭi.
- The complacency that comes out of the conviction that liberation comes automatically in course of time, is kālatuṣṭi.
- The complacency that comes as a result of the belief that luck is the real cause of liberation, is bhāgya-tuṣṭi.
The bāhyatuṣṭis are:
- Realising the difficulties involved in the acquisition of wealth and getting detached towards it, is because of pāratuṣṭi.
- Realising the troubles involved in protecting one’s wealth and getting detached from it, is supāratuṣṭi.
- Realising that the wealth acquired by so much trouble gets exhausted very soon by spending it, leading to great worry, and hence getting detached from it is parāparatuṣṭi.
- Realising that the desire to enjoy the objects of pleasure increases by enjoyment, leading to misery, and getting detached from them is anuttamāmbhas-tuṣṭi.
- Realising that one is causing injury to others while trying to acquire the objects of pleasure, and hence getting detached towards them is uttamāmbhas-tuṣṭi.
Absence of these tuṣṭis is an obstacle in the path of kaivalya or liberation.