A ṛṣi is one who has known the truth (ṛṣ = to know) or attained the final goal (ṛṣ = to attain) of life. Of the seven types of ṛṣis mentioned in the Hindu religious works, the brahmarṣi stands as the first or the highest in eminence. He has known or experienced Brahman, the Absolute, the Self of all, and has thus reached the other end of saṁsāra or transmigratory existence.
If the word ‘Brahman’ is interpreted as the Vedas, then, the brahmarṣi is one who has obtained a thorough knowledge of the Vedas.
The sages like Śuka, Sanaka, Sanandana and Vasiṣṭha are classed among the brahmarṣis.
See also ṚṢI.