This is a technical term used by the Indian iconographical works. It may mean either ‘bend or inclination’ or ‘posture’.
Images sculptured in the standing pose may have any one of the following four bhaṅgas:
In some iconographical works, the images are classified as sabhaṅga (with bhaṅga) and abhaṅga (without bhaṅga). Images standing with both legs firmly placed on the ground typify the latter. The former ones are divided into five varieties—the word ‘bhaṅga’ being interpreted as ‘posture’—as follows: sthānaka (standing), āsīna (seated), śayāna (recumbent), yānaka (moving about) and nṛtta (dancing).
The first three among these, are sometimes, again subdivided into yoga (in meditation), bhoga (in enjoyment), vīra (in heroic posture) and ābhicārika (black-magical).