apavāda

(‘that which over-rules’)

In tarka or logic, this word stands for an exception to a general rule. For instance, ahiṁsā or not to harm any living being is a general rule. But killing animals in a sacrifice is permitted as an apavāda or exception.

Apavāda also means an accusation.

The word is used in Advaita Vedānta too. See ADHYĀROPA.