apaciti

(‘paying respect’)

The dharmaśāstras, treatises on law and code of conduct, specify that six types of people should be shown due honour and respect, by a householder. They are: ācārya (teacher), ṛtvik (officiating priest), rājan (the king), snātaka (one who has just finished Vedic studies), śvaśura (father-in-law), pitṛvya (paternal uncle) and mātula (maternal uncle).

The reception given in their honour is called ‘apaciti’ or ‘argha’ and consists of offering a seat to sit on, pādya (water for washing feet), arghya (water for washing hands), ācamana (water for rinsing mouth) and madhuparka (a preparation of honey and other ingredients).

See also MADHUPARKA.