anṛta

(‘the not-straight)

The words ṛta, satya and anṛta are frequently used in the Vedic literature, the first two being often used synonymously. If ṛta stands for ‘what is straight,’ the Truth at its fundamental causal level, for the thing—in—itself, satya stands for the verbal expression of the same. Anṛta which may mean the opposite of ṛta or simply what is not ṛta is used mostly to indicate untruth, commonly called asatya. Speaking anṛta has always been considered as a great sin.

See also ADHARMA, ASATYA, DHARMA, ṚTA and SATYA.