alaṅkāra

(‘embellishment’)

The word, derived from the root ‘kṛ’ (‘to do’) along with the prefix ‘alam’ (‘enough’, ‘sufficient’) means something that makes a thing more complete, a dress or an ornament. But it has acquired a more technical sense in the field of Sanskrit literature, viz., ‘figure of speech.’ The science that deals with this subject has been designated as ‘Alaṅkāraśāstra.’

See ALAṄKĀRA-ŚĀSTRA.