The attempts at reconciling Brahman the Absolute with the world which is imperfect and limited have resulted in the ‘doctrine of adhyāropa-apavāda.’ The problem is sought to be resolved by considering the world as an adhyāropa or adhyāsa, a superimposition (even as a snake is superimposed on a rope resulting in illusory perception) and denying it absolute reality. The process of desuperimposition called ‘apavāda,’ consists of negating the illusory appearances by adopting the right means of knowledge and perceiving the truth as it is. Adhyāropa is practically the same as ‘adhyāsa’ (See ADHYĀSA.) A slight shade of difference in meaning is perhaps, that adhyāropa refers to the process and adhyāsa is the result.