Tiruvāymoḷi

(‘divine words of a holy sage’)

This famous work in chaste classical Tamil language of Nammāḷvār (See ĀḶVĀRS.) is the best and the longest among the Divyaprabandhams. It has 1102 pāśuras (verses), divided into ten sections (centums). Each of these again, has ten daśakas (decades) plus an additional concluding verse.

It is interesting to note that the pāśuras are in the ‘anta-ādi’ style. That is, the last word (anta) of one verse becomes the first (ādi) of the next.

The subject matter may briefly be summarised as follows:

Greatness of God; his several blessed qualities like compassion and protecting his devotees; relationship between the jīvātman (individual soul) and Paramātman (God); bhakti (devotion) and prapatti (self-surrender) as the primary means of attaining mokṣa (liberation); the necessity of performing the allotted duties in life for self-purification.

In these prayers to the Lord, madhurabhāva (bridal mysticism) can be seen as an important aspect.

The pāśuras of this work have been set to music.

There are several commentaries on this work. The very first one was by Tirukkurkai Pirān Piḷḷān in 6000 verses. But the most voluminous—and also the most famous—one is the Īḍu of Vaḍakku Tiruvīdhi Piḷḷai.

See also DIVYAPRABANDHAM.