Though 85 śākhās or recensions of the Kṛṣṇa Yajurveda are known to have existed, only four have survived to this day. Of these the Taittirīya Saṁhitā is the most important as also the most extensive. Fortunately, all the branches of this Veda—the Saṁhitā, the Brāhmaṇa, the Āraṇyaka, the Upaniṣad, the Śrauta and the Gṛhya Sūtras—are available even now.
This Saṁhitā is very well-known and studied in South India. It has 7 kāṇḍas (sections), 44 prapāṭhakas (chapters) and 651 anuvākas (pieces similar to mantras).
In it, the mantras (metrical verses) and prose passages are mixed up. The verses are to be used in Vedic sacrifices. The prose passages explain how to use them.
The sacrifices dealt with in this Saṁhitā are:
Pauroḍāśa, Yājamāna, Vājapeya, Rājasūya, Darśapūrṇamāsa and a few Somayāgas.
Sāyaṇa (14th century A. D.) is the most important of the commentators on this Saṁhitā. His commentary is not only extensive but also scholastic.
See also YAJURVEDA.