Bhoja

Bhojarāja or the king Bhoja is a well-known figure in Sanskrit literature. Belonging to the Paramāra dynasty of Māḷava (Malwa) he lived in the 11th century A.D. Some scholars assign him to the period A.D. 1010-1055. His capital was Dhārā.

The number of works attributed to him is 34. They belong to a variety of fields of knowledge that include astro-nomy, astrology, medicine and surgery, grammar, economics and even engineering sciences. However, it is more reasonable to believe that these works were written by the various scholars in his kingdom under his patronage.

At present, only the following five works have been found: Campū-rāmāyaṇa, Rājamārtāṇḍa, Tattvaprakāśa, Sarasvatī-kaṇṭhābhāraṇa and Śṛṅgāraprakāśa.

The second work, also called Bhoja-vṛtti, is an independent commentary on the Yogasūtras of Patañjali. It is brief but lucid. The third work is on Śaivism. Bhoja was a śaiva by faith. The last two deal with alaṅkāra or poetics and dramaturgy.