(‘One who causes the [jīva] to cross [the ocean of] saṁsāra’)

Worship of God as the Śakti (the Divine Power or Mother) is quite ancient in the Hindu religious tradition. One of the more well-known aspects of this Śakti, especially the fierce ones, is Kālī. Bhava-tārīṇī, which literally means ‘one who helps the jīva or the individual soul to cross over saṁsāra or transmigratory existence,’ is one of the names by which Kālī is known in the Bengali tradition of Śakti worship. The deity at the famous temple of Kālī in Dakṣiṇeśvar (Calcutta) has been well-known as Bhavatāriṇi.

See KĀLĪ for details.