Bhāratī

(‘one who delights in light or knowledge’)

The Ṛgveda (1.142.9) mentions Bhāratī as one of the three goddesses (the other two being Iḷā and Sarasvatī) who are requested to reside in the barhis or sacrificial grass.

In the later literature, Bhāratī has been identified with Sarasvatī, the goddess of learning. (See SARASVATĪ for details.)

According to some religious texts, Bhāratī is one of the two consorts of Gaṇapati, the other being Śrī.

‘Bhāratī’ is also one of the ten titles assigned to the monks of the Daśanāmī Order created by Śaṅkara (A. D. 788-820).