Vedānta is the last of the six systems of Indian philosophy. Bādarāyaṇa is stated to be its author. Hindu tradition identifies him with Veda-Vyāsa (also known as Kṛṣna Dvaipāyana), the celebrated author of the Mahābhārata. Lexicographers like Hemacandra (A. D. 1088-1173) (vide his Abhidhānacintāmaṇi—Martyakāṇḍa, 512) support this view. Since he lived along with his disciples and son Śuka, at the Badarī in the Himālayas, he might have used this name in his composition, the Brahmasūtras.

Bādarāyaṇa appears in the Sāma-vidhāna Brāhmaṇa of the Sāmaveda. Varāhamihira (A. D. 505-587) and Bhaṭṭotpala (10th cent. A. D.) well-known astronomers, have mentioned another Bādarāyaṇa in their works. But, they are different from Bādarāyaṇa-Vyāsa.

See also VYĀSA.