This is the first of the seven nether worlds, just below Bhūloka, the earth. In beauty and comforts, with plenty of luxury articles, it competes with heaven as it were. Though it is beyond the region covered by sunlight, it is always filled with brilliant but soothing light of the gems on the hoods of the great serpents that live here.

The denizens of this region are endowed with eternal youth and beauty. They are ever immersed in amorous sports and pleasures.