Aparārka

The life of an average Hindu, even today, is influenced, if not guided, by the class of works known as dharmaśāstras. Even the law-courts are guided by them, especially in cases of Hindu family disputes.

The dharmaśāstras comprise a large body of religious literature based on the smṛtis (secondary scriptures based on the śrutis or Vedas), the gṛhyasūtras (aphoristic works dealing with the family life), the dharmasūtras (aphoristic works dealing with dharma, both at the indi-vidual level and at the social level) as also the several commentaries and compendia or digests based on them.

Aparārka or Aparāditya (12th cent A.D.) is one of the writers of such literature. He has composed a voluminous commentary in verse, on the well-known smṛti of Yājñavalkya. It is later than the Mitākṣarā, the most celebrated commentary on the same by Vijñāneśvara (circa A. D. 1120), more voluminous but less renowned than the same.

Aparāditya was a king of the Śilāhāra dynasty whose territory existed in the region of modern Sūrat and Thānā (Maharashtra State).

His work is more in the nature of a digest than a commentary on the Yājña-valkya Smṛti. He quotes profusely from earlier works and often comments on the same. Though he does not mention the Mitākṣarā by name, the latter’s views come in for criticism.

See also MITĀKṢARĀ, VIJÑĀNEŚVARA and YĀJÑAVALKYA-SMṚTI.