(‘expecting rains’)

Mother Earth (Bhūdevī or Dharaṇī) when expecting the rains (i.e. just before the starting of the rainy season), is called ‘Ambuvācī’. It is also the name of the fertility rite normally observed in Bengal. During this period of four days—Āṣāḍha kṛṣṇa daśamī to trayodaśī (June/July)—the Mother Earth is said to be unclean and hence no ploughing or sowing or any other type of farm work is done.