āstika-darśana

(‘philosophical systems believing in the authority [of the Vedas]’)

The Indian philosophical systems known as ‘darśanas’ are generally divided into two groups: the āstika and the nāstika. The word ‘āstika’ is usually interpreted as ‘believing in the authority of the Vedas,’ which accept the existence of God, the soul, heaven and other worlds, the doctrines of karma and rebirth and so on. Hence the well-known six systems of philosophy—the ‘ṣaḍ-darśanas’—are grouped under the term ‘āstika’. The three systems of Cārvāka, Jaina and Bauddha, considered as heretical and heterodox, are classified under the term ‘nāstika.’

See ĀSTIKA, NĀSTIKA and ṢAḌ-DARŚANAS.