ādhāra

(‘support’)

One of the questions discussed frequently in Hindu metaphysical works is the relationship between God, the creator and the created world. Most of them subscribe to the view that God creates the world, sustains and supports it and dissolves it at the end of a cycle of creation. The created world cannot exist unless it is supported and sustained by him. He is thus the ādhāra (the ground and the support) and the world itself is ādheya (‘that which is supported’). The relationship that subsists between them is called ‘ādhara-ādheya-bhāva.’ The relationship that exists between the ground and a jar kept on it gives us some idea of this ‘ādhāra-ādheya-bhāva.’

In the works on yoga, the word is used to indicate certain centres in the body like the navel, the heart or the middle of the eyebrows which act as supports for meditation or prāṇa (life-force).

In Sanskrit grammar the word is used to indicate the sense of the locative case.